This paper addresses the apparent lack of systematic analysis classification of the components comprising the reconciliation process following intractable conflict and their mode of influence on the conflict parties. It offers a theoretical analysis and taxonomy of the types of activities carried out by collectives (e.g., states or ethnic groups) in the reconciliation process. Various components of such reconciliation processes and their activities are analyzed and illustrated, exploring the way each activity influences the parties and the processes, as well as their dialectical relations with other activities. The analysis proposed has practical implications for leaders and policy makers by assisting in determining the appropriate course of action in the reconciliation process; as well as to researchers, by providing them with additional tools to assess the implications of past reconciliation processes and to interpret empirical research.